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The future of education: Which competences do we need in the future?

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Chances are you felt ill-equipped for adult life after leaving school - to no fault of your own! As society changes quickly, educational systems are slower to catch on.

How can we reform educational systems to empower students to develop skills, values and attitudes needed to succeed in life?

What kind of education would make young people feel like they could take on the challenge of shaping their societies?

What are the skills students most need to learn?

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The European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) has selected some of its resources to provide young people like you with background information and insights linked to the topic above.

Briefing, April 2020

At a Glance, February 2020

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Nikolass
10 October 2019

Modern education is designed for the average person. That means today's education system is perfectly designed for no one, because nobody is an average person. I feel like schools should give more homework that's associated with their future career and less homework in subjects that don't matter. Another thing that I personally think would make schools better, is preparing students for the future; what I mean by that is teaching them how to apply for a job or do taxes.

Dāvis
10 October 2019

In my country, I would like to have school complexes. In these schools there would be a music school, a sports school and an art school.This is necessary, because a lot of students live far away from school and they have to wait multiple hours for their practices, so for them it's harder to combine school with their hobbies.

Krišjānis
08 October 2019

Schools should introduce a new system that focuses more on pupil creativity and teamwork, as many professions will be replaced by automated machines in the future, hence why the main focus should be directed at things that these automated machines cannot do.

Oscar
06 December 2019

In order to provide a European Culture and make the citizens feel like they are part of the European Union as well as they are part of their own countries, all countries in the EU should introduce a new two-year subject based on European history with a focus on the formation and evolution of the EU in the second year.
This subject should aim to provide a European identity as well as create more active citizens in the community who will be able to help create a future for Europe.

Varis
10 October 2019

Exams need to change completely.
Many argue that exams are now designed in such a way, that students cram their materials, and forget the next day. Exams might not validly measure what students are capable of when they enter their first job. The factual knowledge of a student should be measured during their learning process, the application of their knowledge is best tested when they work on projects in the field.

Luīze
09 October 2019

Communication and influence are very important competences because people need to know how to communicate effectively, reach consensus quickly and how to get heard in crowd.

Luīze
09 October 2019

Making decisions and intelligence. Not every countries right decision in their situation can also be the right decision for your country. It depends on how the education system is set up and school climate in your country.

Anna Benisova
21 January 2020

Hi,
I think, that's necessary to have in the high school the subjects such as communication (how to present, how to speak in formal language, how to be not afraid of speaking in the groups), puplic policy (in this lessons could the students get to know about Erasmus +, their right, how to be active in their city and town.) an last one: finance (how to invest money, how the banks work and so on). These subjects we don't have and I really miss them.

Luīze
09 October 2019

You have to be prudent first of all. Being prudent means that you have also the attitude towards things, your own opinion, and values.

Claudia
13 April 2020

I believe that if we want to prepare students for adult life, the educational system can’t be solely focused on memorising concepts and spitting them out on an exam, like it is in Spain.
Students need to be exposed to situations that come out of the ordinary so they can learn how to adapt to anything, which would be a very useful tool for the future and would help boost creativity. Teamwork and leadership should also be taught, because learning how to work as a team is something completely necessary for the future.
Also, school should be made more enjoyable, because the way it is right now it only makes students hate learning, which isn’t okay. Introducing school sports, art, extracurricular activities and school spirit would be a great way to improve it!

Aleksis Jočs
10 October 2019

Introducing a system where students can choose the subjects that they enjoy and are keen on studying further without the added stress of side subjects that they do not enjoy learning could be a way that opens up a new perspective on studying, as it wouldnt make students lose focus on things they are actually good at.

Krišjānis
08 October 2019

In schools, instead of complex tasks, pupils should be given problems that they face daily and it's through these problems, they'll understand the matter of the subject.

Aleksis Jočs
10 October 2019

Instead of teaching students all the general information about a certain subject, teach how and where it can be useful in everyday life situations.
More interest and necessity to learn the subject.

....
13 April 2020

The education system should give less importance to the knowledge itself, basically memorizing facts, and focus more on actually knowing how to manage all the available information

Aleksis Jočs
10 October 2019

Adding a subject that teaches traffic laws starting with bicycles, then at a later age mopeds, and finally cars.
Students have driven to and from school for a very long time now, adding these subjects into the school system will only increase the rate at which people get a drivers licence for their selected vehicle as it would include practical experience from driving/cycling to and from school.

Bella
25 June 2020

I am a high school student in Austria and I would like to share my own experience:
Last summer, I worked in a local brick-factory in the office. One day my boss wanted me to write a business letter for the mayor of the village. Not that I was only unsure on how to use business language, I also had no idea on how to format the letter.

I think in order to be a citizen that has his/her own opinions, you have to have a certain basic knowledge. For example about important events of history or about important literary works as their effects and ideas relate to the life we live today.

But in my opinion, too less students have a basic knowledge about finances and economics.
In order to be prepared in our future there has to be an understanding for European citizens of the working life. This is why I think that students of the member states of Europe should include lifelike economic topics in already existing subjects as geography – this means that not only schools that are focused on economics but all students in Europe understand economics of Europe.

.....
13 April 2020

In my primary school we learned in a method called "Amaraberri metodoa", and I think education should apply it in more centers. I remember that everyone litterally wanted to go to school, becausr it was like a game. The thing is that we had one hour a week per subject called "intentsiboa" (intensive) where we learned the basics we had to know in that subject. All the rest of the things adapted to each oned learning speed. The rest of the days we divided the class in 4-5 groups and each of them was in a different "txoko" (like different sections), and there each one made projects, execises... at its speed. For example, in maths we learned all the stuff such as vectors, geometey basics... in the intensive, and the rest of the days you were in a txoko (we changed each group's txoko every half a month) , in one of then you made math problems, in other you made geometry, in other you made logic exeecises... Another example, in Spanish, we learned the grammas in the intentsibi and in one txoko you watched documentaties and made a project about it, or you had to write the script of a theatre, or you prepared a talk on a topic, or create a magazine... Then, every 15 linutes we spent 2 to 3 classes actually showing the class our work in that txoko

Melaku Bayih
10 December 2019

I am planning to have a common program for common understand and benefit of youths in both EU and AU.
NEW

Ela
05 July 2020

In my opinion the pandemic caused a lot of mental stress for people and it showed, that although technology is develop amazingly, mind wise we have to do a lot of work. This times have shown the importance of mental health (just have a look at the fighting/divorcing number of couples). What we need is education in mental health, thats as important as learning how to write at school. It is crucial for a good future for everyone. So in my view there should be meditation class starting at elementary school, high school, university and even at work.

Lieke van Gijzel
20 May 2020

Due to the amount of stress and working environment of PhD students, I have noticed that there teaching abilities are not as well as they should be. Sometimes a student has to give a class they themself had just finished a few months ago. Additionally, they might not get the support they require to give such a class. A PhD student will most likely try and give the class since most of them are in an environment were they do not feel empowered enough to speak up. Offcourse this might not be the case in all european countries, however, this is present in more countries then we know. If we trust these students to provide classes/ guided homework hours/ guide students or similar activities we should give them the training they require. The change of environment might be necessary since some countries contain such a hierarchy, that the students might not feel free to speak up about there lack in education and thus the lack in education they can provide.

I mainly believe this is something the european union should get involved with because some of the countries in which these problems are most pressing might not realise it. They might have been treated the same way and thus will not see a problem with this way of teaching. Therefore, trying national awareness might not lead to any changes. If the european union can interact, providing more information about safe work environments, making it easier for PhD students to report miss conduct and maybe change the workload so they have time to educate themselves in educating others. It might improve the working conditions of a PhD student and can improve the general education provided in Europe !

Luca
27 May 2020

Hi everyone, education is a very important topic. School is one of the most important milestones of our life and it is also important that our education systems prepare youths for the jobs of the future.

A deep evaluation of every national systems is necessary to discover the best and the worst cases. This analysis allows creating a European education system based on the best criteria. A European education system can contribute to give the same level of education to all European citizens, which is very important because it can ensure the same background and the same level of knowledge to all youths starting their careers in the working system.

About the future, it's very important that school teaches the skills for the future jobs...for example technology, data analysis, privacy, environment... A good suggestion would be to:
- introduce new trainings;
- limit the number of students in courses that register high level of unemployment;
- increase the practice.

Krišjānis
08 October 2019

School lessons should be combined, creating a nine-grade system of intermediate subjects. However, for high school (grades 9-12), courses should be created which would teach a small fundamental portion of university or technical subjects.

Dāvis
10 October 2019

These days everything is modernized and developed and I want the same to happen with education.When the 7th grade starts it would be required for students to study all the exam subjects and foreign languages, but all the other subjects student would choose by himself.This would motivate students to come to school and have a better vibe in school, because they would learn what they want to learn.

Valentin
10 June 2020

This is about Climate crisis education.

Let's try to be as analytical as possible here:
* There is a scientific consensus on the inevitability of man made climate and environmental change in an unprecedented scale that will negatively affect in general the conditions of life on earth for humans. There is a scientific consensus, slowly infusing in the political sphere that this is the single most pressing challenge ever face by humankind.
* At the political level far too little action is take at the political level at the moment to prevent, mitigate, and adapt to the upcoming changes. (current emission levels, scenarios with the current political promises are all saying the same thing.)
* At the individual level, citizens have far too little knowledge about the crisis and, for the moment, a far too detached attitude towards the crisis. (people in developed countries still hardly feel its effects, are not changing their consumption behavior, etc.
* Thus, we are entering in an unwanted, worldwide experiment about the future of humanity that is comprehensive and holistic (how do we produce energy, how do we consume, how do we behave, what do we eat, what institutional and democratic arrangements we need for this new situation at the local, national, and international level => these questions means that pretty much all knowledge disciplines are needed, in an interconnected way to understand and address the problem. Psychology, sociology, political science, earth and live science.)
* And yet, there are very few ways to teach it because of its unprecedented nature. We have nothing to look back to that is comparable in the history of humankind.

* Thus, we urgently need a serious reflection on how we can massively teach the climate crisis to all: what are the knowledge/skills/attitude every single young person/citizen should possess, what tools, who is in charge of it, how do we finance it, how can this knowledge be used to solve the crisis?

Harun Tarhan
13 April 2020

First of all, many countries closed the borders
It was leading to many students got shocked.
So I think we need to creating new corporations for emergency situation. As you know many students lack of opportunities to long term stay other countries.
Secondly, we need to new a huge data for online courses. Unfortunately, many countries and also many students have no internet or equipments( computer, headphone).
On the other side, we must have new regulations about education it means not nationwide. It must be integration international area.
Probably we will start learn and teach methods with technology. But the problem here lectures also don't know how to use to social platform and however, many countries or companies are saving our basic information that's not according to EU standart and also universal declaration of human rights. Therefore we need to create new cooperation between countries to fix or deal with that.
Finally, the education must be equality for disadvantages groups and migrants, refugees
gender.
Education shouldn't be key for discrimination.
It is the best way to for peacefully society.
In this case, also we have to care about environment before use technology
Education can be key awareness of nature.
So In my opinion, we have to build new education in the nature for the future.



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